There are eight essential chords every beginner guitarist should focus on learning: C, A, G, E, D, A minor, D minor, and E minor. Many beginners find it easier to remember the first five basic guitar chords by memorizing the word CAGED. As you learn each chord, pay attention to how the shape looks and feels. You will likely find it much easier to memorize that than the details of where to place your fingers.
It’s also worth noting that as you learn the basic guitar chords, you may find yourself slowly placing each finger on the guitar, one at a time. But as you become more comfortable with the chords and develop muscle memory from playing them, your movements will become more natural. Eventually, you will be able to go right into a chord without thinking too hard about it. Alright, let’s dive into the fun stuff.
The A major chord, commonly called the A chord, can be a bit tough for beginners because all three fingers are placed on the second fret on adjacent strings. To properly play the A chord, make sure you curl your ring finger to allow the open first string to sound clear.
To play A major, put your pointer finger on the second fret of the fourth string. Then put your middle finger on the second fret of the third string. Finally, put your ring finger on the second fret of the second string. Strum every string every for the sixth string.
The C major chord, commonly called the C chord, is typically the first chord a guitarist will learn. It’s also a great chord to see if you are using the tips of your fingers as you should. The posture of your fretting hand has a major impact on the sound of the chord.
To play C major, put your pointer finger on the first fret of the second string. Then put your middle finger on the second fret of the fourth string. Finally, put your ring finger on the third fret of the fifth string. Strum every string except for the sixth string.
D major is a slightly more difficult chord, particularly for beginners. It requires you to place your fingers close together, in a small area, without accidentally touching any other strings.
To play D major, put your pointer finger on the second fret of the third string. Then place your ring finger on the third fret of the second string. Finally, put your middle finger on the second fret of the first string. Strum every string except for the low E and A.
D Major sounds particularly epic when played on an electric guitar.
To play E major, put your pointer finger on the first fret of the third string. Then put your middle finger on the second fret of the fifth string. Finally, put your ring finger on the second fret of the fourth string. Strum every string.
G major is arguably the most challenging chord for a beginner because of the space between your fingers. Unlike some of the other chords, G major requires your fingers to be pretty spread apart, which can feel awkward to beginners.
To play G major, place your pointer finger on the second fret of the fifth string. Then put your middle finger on the third fret of the sixth string. Finally, place your ring finger on the third fret of the first string. Then, while pressing down with those fingers, strum every string without muting the open notes.
To play A minor, put your pointer finger on the first fret of the second string. Then, put your middle finger on the second fret of the fourth string. Finally, put your ring finger on the second fret of the third string. Strum every string except for the low E.
To play D minor, put your index finger on the first fret of the first string. Then put your middle finger on the second fret of the third string. Finally, place your ring finger on the third fret of the second string. Strum every string except low E and A.
E minor is one of the simplest chords to play, even for beginners.
To play E minor, put your middle finger on the second fret of the fifth string. Then put your ring finger on the second fret of the fourth string. Strum every string.
A few things to remember when practicing chords:
- Use the very tips of your fingers to press the strings
- Bend all three knuckles on each of your fingers
- Apply enough pressure on the strings
- Place your fingers as close to the fret as possible but not on top of it
- When pressing one string, check that your finger isn’t muting the string below
- When you’re not playing with your thumb, rest it on the back of the guitar’s neck, not on top of it
- Practice daily
What’s A Guitar Chords Chart?
Let’s assume that you’re a complete beginner for the sake of this topic. Considering chords are the foundation of music, it’s essential to understand them. A big part of having a complete understanding of guitar chords is learning how to read them. To an average person, a guitar chords chart probably looks like nothing more than a combination of dots, lines, and numbers. But once you develop an understanding of how to read them, a chord chart becomes a useful tool for making music.
A guitar chord chart shows a section of the fretboard of a guitar, and no matter how unique the design of a guitar is, the structure of the fretboard is always the same. Imagine you are looking head-on at a guitar as it stands vertically. The vertical lines of a chord chart represent the strings of the guitar. In standard tuning, the strings from left to right are low E (sixth string), A (fifth string), D (fourth string), G (third string), B (second string), and high E (first string).
The horizontal lines of a guitar chord chart represent the frets. A line at the top that is thicker than the rest represents the nut of the guitar. The next horizontal line is the first fret, and the following line is the second fret, and so on.
The dots on the chart show you where to place the fingers of your fretting hand. Each finger is assigned a number:
- Index finger: 1
- Middle finger: 2
- Ring finger: 3
- Pinky finger: 4
- Thumb: T
If you see X’s and O’s on top of the chord chart, those are worth noting as well. The X is placed above a string that isn’t played. And the O is placed above a string that is played open, with no fingering on that string.
Songs with Guitar Chords for Beginners
Songs with simpler chords are ideal for beginners who are still getting used to playing the guitar and transitioning between chords. Considering how important practice is to learn to play the guitar, it’s a good idea to practice songs that you recognize and enjoy. Below are ten popular songs with chords a beginner can handle. You may be surprised to learn, with the right amount of practice, how quickly you can play one of your favorite songs.
1. Frank Sinatra – Fly Me to The Moon
“Fly Me to the Moon” is a classic hit written by Bart Howard and originally titled “In Other Words.” Howard wrote the song in 1954, and Kaye Ballard made the first recording of it that same year. But it was the smooth, soulful voice of Frank Sinatra in 1964 that made his recording of “Fly Me to the Moon” the classic we recognize today. Fun fact: Sinatra’s version of the song was closely associated with the Apollo moon missions.
2. Elvis Presley – Can’t Help Falling in Love
Many artists have recorded their own versions of “Can’t Help Falling in Love,” but it was Elvis Presley who first recorded the song in 1961 for his album Blue Hawaii. “Can’t Help Falling in Love” was written by Hugo Peretti, Luigi Creatore, and George David Weiss. Presley’s version topped the British charts in 1962 and reached number two on the US Billboard Hot 100.
3. Jeff Buckley – Hallelujah
“Hallelujah” was written by Leonard Cohen, who originally recorded the song for his 1984 album Various Positions. The song didn’t see much success initially until John Cale recorded a version, which then inspired Jeff Buckley to record one of the most highly-regarded versions of “Hallelujah.”
Buckley included his version of “Hallelujah” on his only complete album, Grace, in 1994. It was later re-released, posthumously, as a single in 2007, 10 years after Buckley tragically passed away. In 2004, Rolling Stone recognized Buckley’s version of “Hallelujah” as one of “The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.”
4. Oasis – Wonderwall
“Wonderwall” was written by the lead guitarist and main songwriter of the English rock band Oasis, Noel Gallagher. The song was included in the 1995 album (What’s the Story) Morning Glory? And was released as a single in October 1995. “Wonderwall” topped music charts in Australia and New Zealand and reached the top ten in Canada and the United States.
The song was certified quadruple platinum by the British Phonographic Industry and certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America.
5. Jason Mraz – I’m Yours
“I’m Yours” was released by Jason Mraz in 2005 and was included in his third album We Sing. We Dance. We Steal Things. in 2008.
It was nominated for Grammy Award for Song of the Year and Best Male Pop Vocal Performance at the Grammy awards in 2009. The song spent 76 weeks on the US Billboard Hot 100 and is one of the best-selling digital songs of all time in the US.
6. Radiohead – Creep
“Creep” is a song released by Radiohead, an English alternative rock band, as their debut single in 1992. “Creep” was included in their first album Pablo Honey and became an international hit after being rereleased in 1993. Because Radiohead took pieces of the 1972 song “The Air That I Breathe” to produce “Creep,” Albert Hammond and Mike Hazlewood have been credited as co-writers.
7. Kodaline – All I Want
“All I Want” is a song by Dublin-based alternative rock quartet Kodaline. It was recorded in 2012 and was included in their 2013 album In A Perfect World. It reached fifteenth on the Irish Singles Chart and reached number 67 on the UK Single Chart. “All I Want” got even more attention when it was featured in the movie The Fault in Our Stars and the E! TV show The Royals.
8. Queen – Bohemian Rhapsody
“Bohemian Rhapsody” was written by Freddie Mercury for the British rock band Queen’s 1975 album A Night at the Opera. “Bohemian Rhapsody” topped the UK Singles Chart for nine weeks and sold more than a million copies by the end of January 1976. When the same version was re-released in 1991 after Mercury’s death, it spent another five weeks at number one.
It became the UK’s third best-selling single of all time and is one of the best-selling singles of all time, with over six million copies sold worldwide. In 2004, “Bohemian Rhapsody” was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. And in December 2018, the song became the most-streamed song from the 20th century and the most-streamed classic rock song.
9. The Beatles – Hey Jude
“Hey Jude” was written by Paul McCartney for the English rock band the Beatles. “Hey Jude” was released on August 1968. It shot to the top of music charts across the globe and became the top-selling single of 1968 in the UK, Australia, Canada, and the US. “Hey Jude” spent nine weeks at number one on the Billboard Hot 100.
Over eight million copies of “Hey Jude” have been sold. In 2013, Billboard magazine named “Hey Jude” the 10th “biggest” song in history, according to chart success.
10. Adele – When We Were Young
“When We Were Young” is a song by Adele, a British singer-songwriter, who co-wrote the song with Tobias Jesso Jr. It was recorded in 2015 and released on January 22, 2016, as the second single from Adele’s third album, 25. The song reached the top ten in Canada, Belgium, Finland, Czech Republic, Portugal, Slovakia, Scotland, South Africa, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.